Over the course of our history, government has been quite an issue. First it was monarchies, then republics, then democracies. Throughout these were also the oligarchies,timocracies, and tyrannies, but the political system most widely accepted by our modern day society is the democracy. Some have caught on the democratic bandwagon later than others, while some never have. The idea of a democracy first appeared in ancient Greek political thought in Athens during the late 16th century. The famous philosopher Plato described a democracy as the system of rule “by the governed”. This early form of democracy was also found in some Sumerian city-states as well as some African societies, although in many cases it was not called a democracy. Many states in India were also described as independant decocracies, though modern day scholars note that the term democracy was diluted in the 3rd century B.C. and later to describe any intependent state, no matter the government. In the medieval Europe democracies seemingly disappeared while governments ruled by fuedal lords and clergymen became more common. But while the democracies disappeared in Europe; Bengal, the Polish- Lithuanian Commonwealth, Althing in Iceland, Venice, and others kept similar forms of democracy. This brings us to the types of democracies. The main types are representive, parlimentary, constitutional, direct,and liberal. There are many variations on the traditional democracy varying with the type of society in which the democracy in implemented. For some (for instance modern day England) the parlimentary system is preferred, while in others ( the United States)the constitutional version is preferred. When choosing a government, revolutionaries have usually gravitated towards democracy. It is in countries where a single family has ruled for centuries where the ruler and many people are reluctant to convert to a democracy or other form of government.
Back to the Beginning will be a series of posts that I will be posting soon in which I will explore the idea of a utopia where you go “back to the beginning” with no electricity or modern thechnology. Similar to the colonies and villages of older civilizations like the Maya, Aztec, Egyptians and many others. So look out for this new series!
Here are some notable dystopian novels:
- Utopia-Sir Thomas More
- Anthem-Ayn Rand
- 1984- George Orwell
- Brave New World- Aldous Huxley
The books in this list are most definitely not the only dystopian literature out there so if you are interested I suggest you talk to a local librarian.
Enjoy your utopian reading!
This video shows that seasteading and utopian living are not just fantasies, but real life options for open-minded revolutionaries (or regular people!).
The world “utopia” means an ideal place or state or any visionary system of political or social perfection. The political system of the United States obiously has some flaws, which leads some people to create their own utopian societies. But how would you do this when every piece of land is owned by a government? One answer, seasteading.
Because most people who create utopian societies do not have an army to revolt against the nation posessing the ideal piece of land they choose to create their land out at sea. The government may own all the land, but they only own about 200 miles of sea by their coasts.
In a world full of predjudice and war a utopia may be the perfect escape.